Roman Numerals in Java

- 1 min

Many developers when trying to learn a new language, they use a kata they’re familiar with. Since I started learning Java and having done Roman Numerals several times already in Ruby, I found it appropriate to use it in order to explore Java.

Below is a video of me starting the kata and stopping at the usual point once the algorithm becomes clear and the first two special cases, 4 and 9, are in place. Underneath the video you will find the full implementation.

class RomanNumeral {
  public static String convert(int number) {
    String roman = "";
    int[] arabic_numerals   = {1000, 900, 500, 400, 100, 90, 50, 40, 10, 9, 5, 4, 1};
    String[] roman_numerals = {"M", "CM", "D", "CD", "C", "XC", "L", "XL", "X", "IX", "V", "IV", "I"};

    for (int i = 0; i < arabic_numerals.length; i++) {
      while (number >= arabic_numerals[i]) {
        roman += roman_numerals[i];
        number -= arabic_numerals[i];
    return roman;
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